- Low ceramide – a waxy, moisture-holding lipid found in the skin
- Low amount of sebum (oil), vital to lubricating skin layers & acts as a protectant
- Cold dry weather
- Harsh ingredients in skin care products
- Avoid long, hot showers that zap moisture from skin
- Use a humidifier, especially in winter months when air is more dry
- Apply a serum or cream that’s right for you, morning & night to strengthen and protect the barrier from harsh weather.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) divides skin care products into two separate categories: Cosmetic & pharmaceutical. Pharmaceutical products undergo rigorous testing that can go on for more than 10 yrs and cost millions of dollars. Pharmaceutical grade products are only available through a licensed professional. These products not only contain a higher percentage of active ingredients, but higher quality of each ingredient. According to the FDA, pharmaceutical grade products are required to be 99% pure, where cosmetic grade products are only required to be 70% pure. Active ingredients are those that can make a change in your skin such as (reducing wrinkles, pigmentation, alleviate acne, etc.).